Before we talk specifically about liver cancer, we need to better understand cancer and its mechanisms. For this reason, we must first take a brief look at what cancer is. We can say that cancer is the loss of the control mechanism of the cell, in the roughest terms. A cancerous cell becomes immortal.
When normal cells show signs of disease, they go to apoptosis, that is, planned cell death, but this is one of the mechanisms that disappear in cancer cells. No matter how much damage the cell does to the organism, it never goes to planned cell death. However, they die when the organism dies.
The mitotic division of a healthy cell takes approximately 24 hours. The first 23 hours of these 24 hours are passed with cell controls. In other words, it is checked whether the cell is healthy enough to divide or whether it is large. Then, do errors occur while the cell is dividing, did errors occur during DNA replication?
All imaginable defects are carefully examined and if it is finally decided that the cell can divide, the 1-hour division process begins and we have 2 new cells. Even if it is decided that the cell cannot divide, the cell is sent to programmed cell death and the diseased cell is freed.
The situation is not different in liver cancer. If a diseased cell that has lost its control mechanisms is a liver cell, it is called liver cancer.
What Are the Symptoms of Liver Cancer?
It is not possible to say that liver cancer has very specific symptoms. However, some symptoms that may suggest the possibility of liver cancer can be listed as follows; weakness, fatigue, unintentional weight loss, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, swelling in the upper right and, of course, jaundice, which we encounter in almost all liver problems.
These symptoms suggest the possibility of liver cancer, but even if the patient shows all these symptoms, a definitive diagnosis should be made with ultrasonography, computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in order to diagnose liver cancer. Because the symptoms of liver cancer in the early stages are not very different from any other liver disease.
The lack of specific symptoms can also cause people not to take this job very seriously. For this reason, thousands of people cannot be diagnosed early every year and these people unfortunately lose their lives.
How to Prevent Liver Cancer and What is its Treatment?
The most important factor in avoiding liver cancer is not to tire the liver. Abandoning or not doing many habits that tire the liver reduces the risk of developing liver cancer.
These situations can be listed as follows; reducing alcohol use or not using it at all, avoiding excessive fatty foods, getting rid of excess weight, and most importantly, not using unnecessary drugs. The drugs used in order to get over the disease a little faster, even though it is not needed, make the liver incredibly tiring.
For this reason, in order to avoid this situation, only the drugs that doctors deem necessary and prescribed should be used. Despite all these measures, early diagnosis is the most important factor for a person who has cancer to be treated. If the disease is diagnosed at an early stage, the tumor can be shrunk with methods such as chemotherapy, and then completely removed by surgical operation.