Every woman who has entered puberty without any health problems has a period in general every 28 days. This situation continues until the menopause period. Menstruation is a condition that occurs as a result of the female reproductive system preparing itself for fertilization every month and the egg not resting. Although it varies from woman to woman, if it is seen for at least 3 and at most 10 days and once between 21-35 days, it shows that the woman is healthy.
Sometimes, due to various reasons, women do not have a period despite the passage of time beyond their normal menstrual period. This situation frightens most women or raises the question of whether there is any anomaly. There are many reasons for the delay in menstruation.
10 Reasons For Menstrual Delay
Depending on the differences in the menstrual cycle from person to person, it is considered normal to occur between 21-35 days, usually every 28 days. However, if this period is exceeded and the menstrual bleeding does not occur, it is called menstrual delay. There are various reasons for this situation, which can be dangerous other than pregnancy. Some of them can be listed as follows;
Pregnancy: Usually, the first reason that comes to mind in case of missed period is pregnancy. Pregnancy is one of the biggest causes of menstrual delay, which occurs as a result of active sexual intercourse in couples who have unprotected sexual intercourse or want to have a baby .
Stress: One of the most common problems of today is living under intense stress . Women who experience intense stress as a result of general problems, family problems, professional and private life problems may experience delayed menstruation. Stress is a factor that can be considered as the cause of every disease that affects the whole body, not just the menstrual cycle. Therefore, people should stay away from stress as much as they can.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: The ovaries are the structures that ensure a healthy menstrual cycle. Cysts formed in the ovaries can lead to disruption of the menstrual cycle and delay in menstruation.
Polycystic ovary syndrome , which causes delay in menstruation , can also cause ovulation to stop completely if it progresses. In this case, it causes disruption of hormones and delayed menstruation.
Chronic Diseases: Due to the presence of diseases that affect hormones such as diabetes and celiac , menstrual delay or menstrual irregularity can be seen. Because such diseases affect hormones and the affected hormones directly affect the ovaries and cause menstrual delay.
Intensive Exercise Programs: Menstrual delay, especially seen in athletes and women who exercise excessively while dieting, is generally thought to be due to intense exercise programs. A low-calorie diet and intense exercises cause hormonal disruption and delay in menstruation.
Breastfeeding Status: It is one of the common situations that women do not have a menstrual period after giving birth and the end of the puerperal period. It may take a long time for the body to recover and the reproductive system to return to its former function after birth. In this case, menstruation may not be seen during breastfeeding. After the breastfeeding period, menstruation can return to its old order and the problem of delay in menstruation can be eliminated.
Thyroid Problems: The thyroid gland is a gland located in the front of the trachea that secretes very important hormones for our body. If this gland functions above or below its normal level, various anomalies occur in the body. One of them is the fact that women experience delayed menstruation . If these health problems are eliminated, hormones are secreted in a healthy way and the menstrual cycle can be regulated.
Birth Control Drugs: Birth control drugs are pills containing hormones to prevent pregnancy, that is, to prevent the sperm from combining with the egg. When these drugs are used, they can cause delay in menstruation by preventing or stopping the formation of ovaries in some periods.
Excess and Low Weight: As a result of losing weight for different reasons, a person may experience a delay in menstruation due to the fact that the hormones in his body change their function. In the same way, it can lead to the deterioration of hormonal balance in cases such as overweight, obesity, obesity.
causes. In these cases, menstrual delay is a common occurrence.
Menopause: Menopause is the end of the reproductive age. Usually, at the beginning of menopause, menstrual irregularities can be experienced in the phase before menopause. Sometimes , menstrual interruption, called early menopause , can also be experienced at a younger age .
Menstrual Delay Treatment
There can be many reasons for the delay in menstruation. The patient who goes to the doctor with the complaint of delayed menstruation should first be diagnosed correctly. The doctor first listens to the person's medical history (drugs used, illnesses, etc.) and then requests some tests. After these tests are done and concluded, the person also determines the hormonal disorders or menstrual irregularity due to the disease, and then treats accordingly and eliminates the cases of menstrual delay and irregularities.
Sometimes, not only medical tests but also radiological imaging techniques are used to find the causes of menstrual irregularity and the person is treated accordingly.