Almost every woman who is in the process of pregnancy is curious about all the issues related to the placenta. Below are 10 things you should know about the placenta that will satisfy your curiosity.
1-What is placenta?
It is the placenta that provides nourishment to the baby when the pregnancy process begins. Thanks to the placenta, the baby is nourished by the food exchange that the mother eats .
2-Does the placenta only exchange nutrients?
The role of the placenta is not only to exchange nutrients between the mother and the baby. It provides the carbon dioxide and oxygen balance of the baby in the mother's womb. It sends out useless nutrients and produces the hormone progesterone and estrogen at the 7th and 8th week of pregnancy.
3-How Does Placenta Formation Occur?
The formation of the placenta, which exchanges nutrients between the baby and the mother, is a matter of curiosity for many mothers. Which is a really interesting subject. Because a mother wonders how to feed her baby when she is in her womb. The placenta formed by trophoblastic cells, the trophoblastic cells grow into the walls of the mother's blood vessels. In addition, as the baby gains weight, the placenta begins to grow with the baby. In other words, the more the baby grows, the more the placenta grows with the baby in direct proportion.
4- How Does the Placenta Appear?
As the time of birth approaches, the placenta, which turns white in some parts, becomes spongy or fleshy where the uterus wall of the mother joins. After birth, when the baby comes out of the mother's womb, it is in the form of a long piece of white flesh. The diameter of the placenta is between 20 or 15 cm. In addition, the thickest part of the placenta is 2 or 3 cm. As the time of birth approaches, the whitening of some parts of the placenta is due to calcium deposits. This is normal, if you are a mother-to-be, don't let this scare you.
5- What Affects Placenta Negatively?
- The advanced age of the mother, especially over 40 years old.
- Multiple pregnancy. In other words, pregnancy types such as twins and triplets.
- High Blood pressure.
- Substance abuse. Substances such as cigarettes and drugs.
- A problem with the placenta in a previous pregnancy.
- Rupture of fetal membranes before birth.
- Abdominal trauma.
- A history of surgery on the uterus.
6- What Causes Placenta Tear?
No mother wants to be faced with a ruptured placenta before delivery. However, in some cases, the risk of placental rupture may occur. Folic acid deficiency causes placental rupture. In addition, this problem can lead to the problem of abruptio placentae. The wound in the uterus, that is, the wound or tissue where the placenta cannot easily settle, causes the placenta to rupture. Short umbilical cord. This can prevent my baby from descending into the womb during delivery. Previous abortion or removal of fibroids.
7- What are the Symptoms of Placenta Tear?
These symptoms can sometimes vary from person to person. But in general, the symptoms are clear. These; back pain, vaginal bleeding, uterine contraction or pain, premature labor pain.
8- Things to Do to Reduce the Risk of Placenta Problems
Stay away from any substance that can be addictive. Do not delay your doctor checks. Consult a doctor for high blood pressure or any health problem. Definitely talk to your doctor about a health problem, especially if you had a placenta problem in a previous pregnancy .
9- When should the placenta go up?
The placenta may be close to the opening of the uterus at the beginning of pregnancy. But by the 24th week of pregnancy, this situation improves.
10- What are the Most Common Placental Problems?
Retention of placenta in the womb, placenta previa, placental abruption.